Spin currents, relativistic effects and the Darwin interaction in the theory of hole superconductivity

cond-mat/0508471 (Los Alamos), Phys.Lett. A 345, 453 (2005).

The existence of macroscopic spin currents in the ground state of superconductors is predicted within the theory of hole superconductivity. Here it is shown that the electromagnetic Darwin interaction is attractive for spin currents and repulsive for charge currents. It is also shown that the mere existence of spin currents implies that some electrons are moving at relativistic speeds in macroscopic superconductors, which in turn implies that the Darwin interaction plays a fundamental role in stabilizing the superconducting state.