Prediction of unexpected behavior of the mean inner potential of superconductors

arXiv:1301.4999 (Los Alamos), Physica C 490, 1 (2013)

Electron holography can measure the mean inner electric potential of materials. The theory of hole superconductivity predicts that when a material is cooled into the superconducting state it expels electrons from its interior to the surface, giving rise to a mean inner potential that increases with sample thickness. Instead, in a normal metal and in a conventional BCS superconductor the mean inner potential is expected to be independent of sample thickness and temperature. Thus, this experiment can provide a definitive test of the validity of the theory of hole superconductivity.