Explanation of the Meissner Effect and Prediction of a Spin Meissner Effect in Low and High $T_c$ Superconductors

Physica C 470, S955 (2010), dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physc.2009.10.066, cond-mat/0908.1577 (Los Alamos)

I argue that the conventional BCS-London theory of superconductivity does not explain the most fundamental property of superconductors, the Meissner effect: how is the Meissner current generated, and how is it able to defy Faraday's law? How is its mechanical angular momentum compensated? I propose that superconductivity is impossible unless the metal expels charge from its interior towards the surface in the transition to superconductivity. As a consequence, superconductors in their ground state are predicted to possess a macroscopic electric field in their interior, as well as excess negative charge and a macroscopic spin current near the surface. The system is driven normal when the applied magnetic field is strong enough to bring the spin current to a stop. High temperature superconductivity occurs in systems that have too much negative charge.